Halloween ist ein US-amerikanischer Horrorfilm und eine alternative Fortsetzung zu Halloween – Die Nacht des Grauens aus dem Jahr Dieser elfte Teil. Halloween im Familypark. Das komplette Parkareal von 14 Hektar präsentiert sich zu Halloween in einem einzigartigen Ambiente und wird die Gäste auch. Okt. Vierzig Jahre ist es her, seit John Carpenter mit „Halloween“ einen der absoluten Klassiker des US-amerikanischen Horrorfilms schuf.
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201 halloween -Wir bei Funidelia lieben Horrorkostüme und wir werden dir helfen, dich in deine Lieblingsgruselfigur zu verwandeln. Wusstest du, dass es im Englischen ein Wort gibt, welches für die Angst vor den Clowns steht? Stock aus hallt der Bass über den Alexanderplatz. Und dort ist er bis heute zu finden. Schon lange auf der Suche nach einer schicken Location für Üjährige? Die Dekorateure aus den Filmstudios Babelsberg werden aus dem schönsten Club der Stadt für eine Nacht den gruseligsten Club der Stadt entstehen lassen Schnee Prinzessin Kostüm Zombie. Das komplette Parkareal von 14 Hektar präsentiert sich zu Halloween in einem einzigartigen Ambiente und wird die Gäste auch diesmal mit einem bunten Unterhaltungsprogramm bis spätabends begeistern. Wir bei Funidelia lieben Horrorkostüme und wir werden dir helfen, dich in deine Lieblingsgruselfigur zu verwandeln. Oktober ist anders als sonst. Verteile ein paar Spinnweben in deinem Haus, dekoriere mit hängenden Hexen und vielen Kürbissen - du hast viele Möglichkeiten zur Auswahl! Werft gemeinsam einen Blick in unseren Onlinekatalog. Halloween, die lange Nacht der Verrückten und Nachtaktiven steht bevor. Es erwarten euch gruselige Horror Specials und Überraschungen. Oktober in ein Horrorparadies auf allen Ebenen. Auswahl der Suchfilter Für wen? Bei Funidelia verfügen wir über Kostüme beider Figuren, die dir eine Gänsehaut verschaffen werden. Eher muss man das Ganze als feines Geschenk für Fans betrachten, mit allerlei Anspielungen aufs Original. Dezember Weihnachtszauber im Familypark. Diese Website verwendet Cookies. Eine rote Nase, riesige Schuhe und einfache Tricks, mit denen du die Leute zum Lachen bringen kannst, sind die gewöhnlichen Zubehöre, die ein Clown Kostüm braucht. Dieser Jahreszeitenwechsel von Sommer zu Winter, vom alten Jahr zum neuen Jahr wurde mit zahlreichen Festen gefeiert, dessen Hauptthematik der Tod war.
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Edit Cast Cast overview, first billed only: Laurie Strode Judy Greer Allyson James Jude Courtney The Shape Nick Castle The Shape Haluk Bilginer Officer Hawkins Rhian Rees Dana Haines Jefferson Hall Aaron Korey Toby Huss Cameron Elam Miles Robbins Edit Storyline Laurie Strode confronts her long-time foe Michael Myers, the masked figure who has haunted her since she narrowly escaped his killing spree on Halloween night four decades ago.
Edit Details Official Sites: Edit Did You Know? Trivia The film's producer is Malek Akkad, who is the son of Moustapha Akkad, the producer of the original "Halloween.
Jamie Lee Curtis has recounted how the first person whom she saw when she came to the set for the first day of filming the film was Malek, whom she remembered as a 7 year-old child visiting the set during production of the original film.
She added that seeing Malek for the first time since his father's death immediately brought her to tears. Goofs Early in the movie when Laurie is going through her guns, at one point she holds a stock-less shotgun to her face, aiming directly with her eye.
This kind of shotgun could not be used in this way without incurring facial injuries. I've got to finish this. Crazy Credits At the end of the closing credits, Michael Myers' distinctive breathing can be heard.
Frequently Asked Questions Q: From at least the 16th century,  the festival included mumming and guising in Ireland, Scotland, the Isle of Man and Wales.
Impersonating these beings, or wearing a disguise, was also believed to protect oneself from them. If the household donated food it could expect good fortune from the 'Muck Olla'; not doing so would bring misfortune.
Marian McNeill suggests the ancient festival included people in costume representing the spirits, and that faces were marked or blackened with ashes taken from the sacred bonfire.
Elsewhere in Europe, mumming and hobby horses were part of other yearly festivals. However, in the Celtic-speaking regions they were "particularly appropriate to a night upon which supernatural beings were said to be abroad and could be imitated or warded off by human wanderers".
Wearing costumes and playing pranks at Halloween spread to England in the 20th century. In the 20th century they spread to other parts of England and became generally known as jack-o'-lanterns.
Today's Halloween customs are thought to have been influenced by Christian dogma and practices derived from it. Commemorations of all saints and martyrs were held by several churches on various dates, mostly in springtime.
This was the same date as Lemuria , an ancient Roman festival of the dead, and the same date as the commemoration of all saints in Edessa in the time of Ephrem.
The feast of All Hallows', on its current date in the Western Church, may be traced to Pope Gregory III 's — founding of an oratory in St Peter's for the relics "of the holy apostles and of all saints, martyrs and confessors".
By the end of the 12th century they had become holy days of obligation across Europe and involved such traditions as ringing church bells for the souls in purgatory.
In addition, "it was customary for criers dressed in black to parade the streets, ringing a bell of mournful sound and calling on all good Christians to remember the poor souls.
In order to avoid being recognized by any soul that might be seeking such vengeance, people would don masks or costumes to disguise their identities".
It is claimed that in the Middle Ages, churches that were too poor to display the relics of martyred saints at Allhallowtide let parishioners dress up as saints instead.
These were known as "soul lights". But, all the while, the danse macabre urged them not to forget the end of all earthly things.
In parts of Britain, these customs came under attack during the Reformation as some Protestants berated purgatory as a " popish " doctrine incompatible with their notion of predestination.
Thus, for some Nonconformist Protestants , the theology of All Hallows' Eve was redefined; without the doctrine of purgatory, "the returning souls cannot be journeying from Purgatory on their way to Heaven, as Catholics frequently believe and assert.
Instead, the so-called ghosts are thought to be in actuality evil spirits. As such they are threatening. One held a bunch of burning straw on a pitchfork while the rest knelt around him in a circle, praying for the souls of relatives and friends until the flames went out.
This was known as teen'lay. In France, some Christian families, on the night of All Hallows' Eve, prayed beside the graves of their loved ones, setting down dishes full of milk for them.
Huesos de Santo and put them on the graves of the churchyard , a practice that continues to this day. Lesley Bannatyne and Cindy Ott both write that Anglican colonists in the Southern United States and Catholic colonists in Maryland "recognized All Hallow's Eve in their church calendars",   although the Puritans of New England maintained strong opposition to the holiday, along with other traditional celebrations of the established Church, including Christmas.
Candles that had been blessed were placed on graves, and families sometimes spent the entire night at the graveside".
Development of artifacts and symbols associated with Halloween formed over time. Jack-o'-lanterns are traditionally carried by guisers on All Hallows' Eve in order to frighten evil spirits.
On route home after a night's drinking, Jack encounters the Devil and tricks him into climbing a tree. A quick-thinking Jack etches the sign of the cross into the bark, thus trapping the Devil.
Jack strikes a bargain that Satan can never claim his soul. After a life of sin , drink , and mendacity, Jack is refused entry to heaven when he dies.
Keeping his promise, the Devil refuses to let Jack into hell and throws a live coal straight from the fires of hell at him.
It was a cold night, so Jack places the coal in a hollowed out turnip to stop it from going out, since which time Jack and his lantern have been roaming looking for a place to rest.
The modern imagery of Halloween comes from many sources, including Christian eschatology , national customs, works of Gothic and horror literature such as the novels Frankenstein and Dracula and classic horror films such as Frankenstein and The Mummy.
Homes are often decorated with these types of symbols around Halloween. Halloween imagery includes themes of death, evil , and mythical monsters.
Trick-or-treating is a customary celebration for children on Halloween. Children go in costume from house to house, asking for treats such as candy or sometimes money, with the question, "Trick or treat?
In England, from the medieval period,  up until the s,  people practiced the Christian custom of souling on Halloween, which involved groups of soulers, both Protestant and Catholic,  going from parish to parish, begging the rich for soul cakes, in exchange for praying for the souls of the givers and their friends.
All Halloween customs in the United States are borrowed directly or adapted from those of other countries".
While the first reference to "guising" in North America occurs in , another reference to ritual begging on Halloween appears, place unknown, in , with a third reference in Chicago in The thousands of Halloween postcards produced between the turn of the 20th century and the s commonly show children but not trick-or-treating.
A popular variant of trick-or-treating, known as trunk-or-treating or Halloween tailgaiting , occurs when "children are offered treats from the trunks of cars parked in a church parking lot", or sometimes, a school parking lot.
Halloween costumes are traditionally modeled after supernatural figures such as vampires, monsters, ghosts, skeletons, witches, and devils.
Over time, in the United States, the costume selection extended to include popular characters from fiction, celebrities, and generic archetypes such as ninjas and princesses.
Dressing up in costumes and going " guising " was prevalent in Scotland and Ireland at Halloween by the late 19th century. The first mass-produced Halloween costumes appeared in stores in the s when trick-or-treating was becoming popular in the United States.
Smith, in his book Halloween, Hallowed is Thy Name , offers a religious perspective to the wearing of costumes on All Hallows' Eve, suggesting that by dressing up as creatures "who at one time caused us to fear and tremble", people are able to poke fun at Satan "whose kingdom has been plundered by our Saviour".
Images of skeletons and the dead are traditional decorations used as memento mori. Started as a local event in a Northeast Philadelphia neighborhood in and expanded nationally in , the program involves the distribution of small boxes by schools or in modern times, corporate sponsors like Hallmark , at their licensed stores to trick-or-treaters, in which they can solicit small-change donations from the houses they visit.
In Canada, in , UNICEF decided to discontinue their Halloween collection boxes, citing safety and administrative concerns; after consultation with schools, they instead redesigned the program.
The most popular costumes for pets are the pumpkin, followed by the hot dog , and the bumble bee in third place. There are several games traditionally associated with Halloween.
Some of these games originated as divination rituals or ways of foretelling one's future, especially regarding death, marriage and children.
During the Middle Ages , these rituals were done by a "rare few" in rural communities as they were considered to be "deadly serious" practices.
In Celtic mythology , apples were strongly associated with the Otherworld and immortality , while hazelnuts were associated with divine wisdom. The following activities were a common feature of Halloween in Ireland and Britain during the 17th—20th centuries.
Some have become more widespread and continue to be popular today. One common game is apple bobbing or dunking which may be called "dooking" in Scotland  in which apples float in a tub or a large basin of water and the participants must use only their teeth to remove an apple from the basin.
A variant of dunking involves kneeling on a chair, holding a fork between the teeth and trying to drive the fork into an apple.
Another common game involves hanging up treacle or syrup-coated scones by strings; these must be eaten without using hands while they remain attached to the string, an activity that inevitably leads to a sticky face.
Another once-popular game involves hanging a small wooden rod from the ceiling at head height, with a lit candle on one end and an apple hanging from the other.
The rod is spun round and everyone takes turns to try to catch the apple with their teeth. Several of the traditional activities from Ireland and Britain involve foretelling one's future partner or spouse.
An apple would be peeled in one long strip, then the peel tossed over the shoulder. The peel is believed to land in the shape of the first letter of the future spouse's name.
If the nuts jump away from the heat, it is a bad sign, but if the nuts roast quietly it foretells a good match. This is said to result in a dream in which their future spouse offers them a drink to quench their thirst.
The custom was widespread enough to be commemorated on greeting cards  from the late 19th century and early 20th century.
A person's future would be foretold by the item they happened to find; for example, a ring meant marriage and a coin meant wealth.
Up until the 19th century, the Halloween bonfires were also used for divination in parts of Scotland, Wales and Brittany. When the fire died down, a ring of stones would be laid in the ashes, one for each person.
In the morning, if any stone was mislaid it was said that the person it represented would not live out the year.
Telling ghost stories and watching horror films are common fixtures of Halloween parties. Episodes of television series and Halloween-themed specials with the specials usually aimed at children are commonly aired on or before Halloween, while new horror films are often released before Halloween to take advantage of the holiday.
Haunted attractions are entertainment venues designed to thrill and scare patrons. Most attractions are seasonal Halloween businesses that may include haunted houses , corn mazes , and hayrides ,  and the level of sophistication of the effects has risen as the industry has grown.
The first recorded purpose-built haunted attraction was the Orton and Spooner Ghost House, which opened in in Liphook , England. This attraction actually most closely resembles a carnival fun house, powered by steam.
It was during the s, about the same time as trick-or-treating , that Halloween-themed haunted houses first began to appear in America.
It was in the late s that haunted houses as a major attraction began to appear, focusing first on California. Home haunts began appearing across the country during and The haunted house as an American cultural icon can be attributed to the opening of the Haunted Mansion in Disneyland on 12 August The first Halloween haunted house run by a nonprofit organization was produced in by the Sycamore-Deer Park Jaycees in Clifton, Ohio.
It was last produced in The March of Dimes copyrighted a "Mini haunted house for the March of Dimes" in and began fundraising through their local chapters by conducting haunted houses soon after.
Although they apparently quit supporting this type of event nationally sometime in the s, some March of Dimes haunted houses have persisted until today.
As a result of the fire, eight teenagers perished. The smaller venues, especially the nonprofit attractions, were unable to compete financially, and the better funded commercial enterprises filled the vacuum.
In the late s and early s, theme parks entered the business seriously. Knott's Scary Farm experienced a surge in attendance in the s as a result of America's obsession with Halloween as a cultural event.
Theme parks have played a major role in globalizing the holiday. On All Hallows' Eve, many Western Christian denominations encourage abstinence from meat , giving rise to a variety of vegetarian foods associated with this day.
Because in the Northern Hemisphere Halloween comes in the wake of the yearly apple harvest, candy apples known as toffee apples outside North America , caramel apples or taffy apples are common Halloween treats made by rolling whole apples in a sticky sugar syrup, sometimes followed by rolling them in nuts.
At one time, candy apples were commonly given to trick-or-treating children, but the practice rapidly waned in the wake of widespread rumors that some individuals were embedding items like pins and razor blades in the apples in the United States.
Nonetheless, many parents assumed that such heinous practices were rampant because of the mass media. At the peak of the hysteria, some hospitals offered free X-rays of children's Halloween hauls in order to find evidence of tampering.
Virtually all of the few known candy poisoning incidents involved parents who poisoned their own children's candy. One custom that persists in modern-day Ireland is the baking or more often nowadays, the purchase of a barmbrack Irish: This is similar to the tradition of king cake at the festival of Epiphany.
On Hallowe'en All Hallows' Eve , in Poland , believers were once taught to pray out loud as they walk through the forests in order that the souls of the dead might find comfort; in Spain, Christian priests in tiny villages toll their church bells in order to remind their congregants to remember the dead on All Hallows' Eve.
The Christian Church traditionally observed Hallowe'en through a vigil. Worshippers prepared themselves for feasting on the following All Saints' Day with prayers and fasting.
Today, Christian attitudes towards Halloween are diverse. In the Anglican Church , some dioceses have chosen to emphasize the Christian traditions associated with All Hallow's Eve.
One organization, the American Tract Society , stated that around 3 million gospel tracts are ordered from them alone for Hallowe'en celebrations.
If it is just a game, there is no harm in that. To these Christians, Halloween holds no threat to the spiritual lives of children: In the Roman Catholic Church , Halloween's Christian connection is acknowledged, and Halloween celebrations are common in many Catholic parochial schools.
The Eastern Orthodox Church recommends the observance of Vespers or a Paraklesis on the Western observance of All Hallows' Eve, out of the pastoral need to provide an alternative to popular celebrations.
According to Alfred J. Many Jews observe Yizkor communally four times a year, which is vaguely similar to the observance of Allhallowtide in Christianity, in the sense that prayers are said for both "martyrs and for one's own family".
Sheikh Idris Palmer , author of A Brief Illustrated Guide to Understanding Islam , has argued that Muslims should not participate in Halloween, stating that "participation in Halloween is worse than participation in Christmas, Easter, Hindus remember the dead during the festival of Pitru Paksha , during which Hindus pay homage to and perform a ceremony "to keep the souls of their ancestors at rest".
It is celebrated in the Hindu month of Bhadrapada , usually in mid-September. There is no consistent rule or view on Halloween amongst those who describe themselves as Neopagans or Wiccans.
Some Neopagans do not observe Halloween, but instead observe Samhain on 1 November,  some neopagans do enjoy Halloween festivities, stating that one can observe both "the solemnity of Samhain in addition to the fun of Halloween".
Some neopagans are opposed to the celebration of Hallowe'en, stating that it "trivializes Samhain",  and "avoid Halloween, because of the interruptions from trick or treaters".
Starting at sundown, Wiccans celebrate a holiday known as Samhain. Samhain actually comes from old Celtic traditions and is not exclusive to Neopagan religions like Wicca.
While the traditions of this holiday originate in Celtic countries, modern day Wiccans don't try to historically replicate Samhain celebrations. Some traditional Samhain rituals are still practised, but at its core, the period is treated as a time to celebrate darkness and the dead — a possible reason why Samhain can be confused with Halloween celebrations.
The traditions and importance of Halloween vary greatly among countries that observe it. In Scotland and Ireland, traditional Halloween customs include children dressing up in costume going "guising", holding parties, while other practices in Ireland include lighting bonfires, and having firework displays.
This larger North American influence, particularly in iconic and commercial elements, has extended to places such as Ecuador, Chile ,  Australia,  New Zealand ,  most continental Europe , Japan, and other parts of East Asia.
Most of the people from Latin America construct altars in their homes to honor their deceased relatives and they decorate them with flowers and candies and other offerings.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the observance. For other uses, see Halloween disambiguation. For other uses, see All Hallows' Eve disambiguation.
A jack-o'-lantern , one of the symbols of Halloween. On All Hallows' Eve, Christians in some parts of the world visit cemeteries to pray and place flowers and candles on the graves of their loved ones.
Halloween portal Christianity portal Holidays portal. John's Eve Walpurgis Night Will-o'-the-wisp. Archived from the original on 3 November Retrieved 1 November It is widely believed that many Hallowe'en traditions have evolved from an ancient Celtic festival called Samhain which was Christianised by the early Church The Church traditionally held a vigil on All Hallows' Eve when worshippers would prepare themselves with prayers and fasting prior to the feast day itself.
The name derives from the Old English 'hallowed' meaning holy or sanctified and is now usually contracted to the more familiar word Hallowe'en.
However, there are supporters of the view that Hallowe'en, as the eve of All Saints' Day, originated entirely independently of Samhain The Book of Occasional Services This service may be used on the evening of October 31, known as All Hallows' Eve.
Suitable festivities and entertainments may take place before or after this service, and a visit may be made to a cemetery or burial place.
The Anglican Family Prayer Book. Archived from the original on 25 January Retrieved 31 October Use this simple prayer service in conjunction with Halloween festivities to mark the Christian roots of this festival.
Archived from the original on 31 October Rather than compete, liturgy planners would do well to consider ways of including children in the celebration of these vigil Masses.
For example, children might be encouraged to wear Halloween costumes representing their patron saint or their favorite saint, clearly adding a new level of meaning to the Halloween celebrations and the celebration of All Saints' Day.
From the Union of the kingdoms, , to the present time. Archived from the original on 21 June Of the stated rustic festivals peculiar to Scotland the most important was Hallowe'en, a contraction for All-hallow Evening, or the evening of All-Saints Day, the annual return of which was a season for joy and festivity.
Evangelical Dictionary of Theology. Halloween All Hallows Eve. Northeast Dairy Cooperative Federation. Halloween always falls on October 31st of each year.
Here's a chart that shows what day of the week Halloween is celebrated from - Games at PrimaryGames PrimaryGames is the fun place to learn and play!
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Laurie Strode confronts her long-time foe Michael Myers, the masked figure who has haunted her since she narrowly escaped his killing spree on Halloween night four decades ago.
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Learn more More Like This. A Star Is Born The Return of Michael Myers Bad Times at the El Royale Edit Cast Cast overview, first billed only: Laurie Strode Judy Greer Allyson James Jude Courtney The Shape Nick Castle The Shape Haluk Bilginer Officer Hawkins Rhian Rees Dana Haines Jefferson Hall Aaron Korey Toby Huss Cameron Elam Miles Robbins Edit Storyline Laurie Strode confronts her long-time foe Michael Myers, the masked figure who has haunted her since she narrowly escaped his killing spree on Halloween night four decades ago.
Time out of time', when the barriers between this world and the next were down, the dead returned from the grave, and gods and strangers from the underworld walked abroad was a twice- yearly reality, on dates Christianised as All Hallows' Eve and All Hallows' Day.
Women's History in Global Perspective. University of Illinois Press. The pre-Christian observance obviously influenced the Christian celebration of All Hallows' Eve, just as the Taoist festival affected the newer Buddhist Ullambana festival.
Although the Christian version of All Saints' and All Souls' Days came to emphasize prayers for the dead, visits to graves, and the role of the living assuring the safe passage to heaven of their departed loved ones, older notions never disappeared.
From Pagan Ritual to Party Night. Archived from the original on 31 December But both are thought to embody strong pre-Christian beliefs.
In the case of Halloween, the Celtic celebration of Samhain is critical to its pagan legacy, a claim that has been foregrounded in recent years by both new-age enthusiasts and the evangelical Right.
Archived from the original on 17 March Retrieved 11 August Moser sieht die Ursprünge von Halloween insgesamt in einem christlichen Brauch, nicht in einem keltischen.
Halloween in der Steiermark und anderswo in German. Abgesehen von Irrtümern wie die Herleitung des Fests in ungebrochener Tradition "seit Jahren" ist eine mangelnde vertrautheit mit der heimischen Folklore festzustellen.
Allerheiligen war lange vor der Halloween invasion ein wichtiger Brauchtermin und ist das ncoh heute. So wie viele heimische Bräuche generell als fruchtbarkeitsbringend und dämonenaustreibend interpretiert werden, was trottz aller Aufklärungsarbeit nicht auszurotten ist, begegnet uns Halloween als Aber es wird nicht als solches inszeniert.
Ist Halloween schon wieder out? Archived from the original on 14 June Retrieved 12 November Darin widerspricht Döring der These, Halloween sei ursprünglich ein keltisch-heidnisches Totenfest.
Irische Einwanderer hätten das Fest nach Amerika gebracht, so Döring, von wo aus es als "amerikanischer" Brauch nach Europa zurückkehrte. Most funerals are Lutheran, and nearly 98 percent of all funerals take place in a church.
It is customary to take pictures of funerals or even videotape them. To Finns, death is a part of the cycle of life, and a funeral is another special occasion worth remembering.
In fact, during All Hallow's Eve and Christmas Eve, cemeteries are known as valomeri , or seas of light. Finns visit cemeteries and light candles in remembrance of the deceased.
Archived PDF from the original on 5 October Retrieved 31 May About All Hallows Eve: Tonight is the eve of All Saints Day, the festival in the Church that recalls the faith and witness of the men and women who have come before us.
The service celebrates our continuing communion with them, and memorializes the recently deceased. The early church followed the Jewish custom that a new day began at sundown; thus, feasts and festivals in the church were observed beginning on the night before.
Among the European nations the beautiful custom of lighting candles for the dead was always a part of the "All Hallow's Eve" festival. Companion to the Calendar.
In most of Europe, Halloween is strictly a religious event. Sometimes in North America the church's traditions are lost or confused. The roots of Halloween are tamer than you think".
Archived from the original on 26 November By the early 20th century, Halloween, like Christmas, was commercialized. Pre-made costumes, decorations and special candy all became available.
The Christian origins of the holiday were downplayed. Leisure and entertainment in America. Archived from the original on 15 July Retrieved 2 June Halloween, a holiday with religious origins but increasingly secularized as celebrated in America, came to assume major proportions as a children's festivity.
Land of Milk and Honey: The vigil of the feast is Halloween, the night when charms and incantations were powerful, when people looked into the future, and when feasting and merriment were ordained.
Up to recent time this was a day of abstinence, when according to church ruling no flesh meat was allowed. Colcannon, apple cake and barm brack, as well as apples and nuts were part of the festive fare.
Food, Feasts, and Faith: Retrieved 13 August In Ireland, dishes based on potatoes and other vegetables were associated with Halloween, as meat was forbidden during the Catholic vigil and fast leading up to All Saint's Day.
Archived from the original on 16 October Retrieved 13 October The American Desk Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on 29 April University Press of Kentucky, p.
From Pagan Ritual to Party Night , pp. Penguin Books Ltd; Reprint edition: An encyclopaedia of the Irish folk tradition. Prentice Hall Press, The Stations of the Sun: A History of the Ritual Year in Britain.
Oxford University Press, The Encyclopedia of Celtic Mythology and Folklore. An Oxford Archaeological Guide.
Retrieved 19 October They were both respected and feared. The Year in Ireland: The Fairy-Faith in Celtic Countries.
The Silver Bough, Volume 3. Christmas in Ritual and Tradition. In The Celtic Consciousness , ed. A Study in Magic and Religion.
Chapter 63, Part 1: The Religion of the Ancient Celts. Festivals Archived 12 October at the Wayback Machine.. Archived from the original on 2 October Retrieved 2 October Christian leaders made old Celtic and Roman customs into new Christian ones.
Bonfires were once lighted against evil spirits. Now, they kept away the devil. Oral folk-tales of Wessex. Foodlore of Popular Fruits and Vegetables.
Lathrop , Fortress Press, p. Archived from the original on 18 September Retrieved 19 September Archived from the original on 30 October Retrieved 25 October And this custom became so favored in popular esteem that, for a long time, it was a regular observance in the country towns of England for small companies to go from parish to parish, begging soul-cakes by singing under the windows some such verse as this: A Cultural Encyclopedia of the Human Face.
Trick-or-treating began as souling an English and Irish tradition in which the poor, wearing masks, would go door to door and beg for soul cakes in exchange for people's dead relatives.
Compendium of Symbolic and Ritual Plants in Europe. They were therefore offered at funerals and feasts of the dead, laid on graves, or given to the poor as representatives of the dead.
The baking of these soul cakes is a universal practice". A Slice of History. Like the perennial favourites, hot cross buns; they were often marked with a cross to indicate that they were baked as alms.
Traditionalists, Muslims, and Christians in Africa: Interreligious Encounters and Dialogue. Villagers were also encouraged to masquerade on this day, not to frighten unwelcome spirits, but to honor Christian saints.
Poor churches could not afford genuine relics and instead had processions in which parishioners dressed as saints, angels and devils. It served the new church by giving an acceptable Christian basis to the custom of dressing up on Halloween.
Another contributor to the custom of dressing up at Halloween was the old Irish practice of marking All Hallows' Day with religious pageants that recounted biblical events.
These were common during the Middle Ages all across Europe. The featured players dressed as saints and angels, but there were also plenty of roles for demons who had more fun, capering, acting devilish, and playing to the crows.
The pageant began inside the church, then moved by procession to the churchyard, where it continued long into the night.
An American Holiday, an American History. Ghosts in Popular Culture and Legend. Since the 16th century, costumes have become a central part of Halloween traditions.
Perhaps the most common traditional Halloween costume is that of the ghost. This is likely because The baking and sharing of souls cakes was introduced around the 15th century: Around the 16th century, the practice of going house to house in disguise a practice called guising to ask for food began and was often accompanied by recitation of traditional verses a practice called mumming.
Wearing costumes, another tradition, has many possible explanations, such as it was done to confuse the spirits or souls who visited the earth or who rose from local graveyards to engage in what was called a Danse Macabre, basically a large party among the dead.
Rising from the Flames: The Experience of the Severely Burned. University of Pennsylvania Press. Halloween, incorporated into the Christian year as the eve of All Saints Day, marked the return of the souls of the departed and the release of devils who could move freely on that night.
Fires lit on that night served to prevent the influence of such spirits and to provide omens for the future. Modern children go from house to house at Halloween with flashlights powered by electric batteries, while jack o'lanterns perhaps with an actual candle, but often with a lightbulb glow from windows and porches.
And even then, the educated folk of the districts concerned, declared that these fires were a relic of papistical days, when they were lit at night to guide the poor souls back to earth.
The New Cambridge Medieval History: Sometimes enacted as at village pageants, the danse macabre was also performed as court masques, the courtiers dressing up as corpses from various strata of society Halloween in der Steiermark und anderswo.
On the other hand the postmodern phenomenon of "antifashion" is also to be found in some Halloween costumes. Black and orange are a 'must' with many costumes.
Halloween — like the medieval danse macabre — is closely connected with superstitions and it might be a way of dealing with death in a playful way.
Christian Origins of Halloween. In Protestant regions souling remained an important occasion for soliciting food and money from rich neighbors in preparation for the coming cold and dark months.
Stations of the Sun: Fires were indeed lit in England on All Saints' Day, notably in Lancashire, and may well ultimately have descended from the same rites, but were essentially party of a Christian ceremony Each did so on a hill near its homestead, one person holding a large bunch of burning straw on the end of a fork.
The rest in a circle around and prayed for the souls of relatives and friends until the flames burned out.
The author who recorded this custom added that it gradually died out in the latter part of the century, but that before it had been very common and at nearby Whittingham such fires could be seen all around the horizon at Hallowe'en.
He went on to say that the name 'Purgatory Field', found across northern Lancashire, testified to an even wider distribution, and that the rite itself was called 'Teen'lay'.
From Pagan Ritual to Party Night , p. Archived from the original on 27 July Frank Leslie's popular monthly, Volume 40, November , pp. Archived from the original on 11 May Retrieved 23 October Hide it [the great carbuncle] under thy cloak, say'st thou?
Why, it will gleam through the holes, and make thee look like a jack-o'-lantern! Schakel , Bucknell University Press, p. Legends and Lore of South Carolina.
The practice of dressing up and going door to door for treats dates back to the middle ages and the practice of souling. Whispering Pine Press International.
The tradition continued in some areas of northern England as late as the s, with children going from door to door "souling" for cakes or money by singing a song.
Halloween in North America". The Book of Hallowe'en , Boston: Lothrop, Lee and Shepard Co. Archived from the original on 14 October Wright, "A Halloween Story", St.
Nicholas , October , p. The Chicago Tribune also mentioned door-to-door begging in Aurora, Illinois on Halloween in , although not by the term 'trick-or-treating'.
Retrieved 29 October Archived from the original on 4 June Retrieved 17 October A time of spiritual unrest, when the souls of the dead, along with ghosts and evil spirits, were believed to walk the land.
Church bells were run and fires lit to guide these souls on their way and deflect them from haunting honest Christian folk. Barns and homes were blessed to protect people and livestock from the effects of witches, who were believed to accompany the malignant spirits as they traveld the earth.
Although a rare few continued to divine the future, cast spells, and tell ghost stories in rural communities, woe to anyone who was denounced to the church for engaging in such activities.
These may seem like innocent fun today, but it was deadly serious stuff during the Middle Ages. Celtic Myth and Religion.
Parlor Games for the Wise and Otherwise. Archived from the original on 8 December Archived from the original on 29 September Retrieved 28 October Retrieved 6 October A Fight for Frights as Tastes Change".
Archived from the original on 27 October Retrieved 21 July Archived from the original on 8 March Archived from the original on 30 September Retrieved 22 July Archived from the original on 25 April Retrieved 8 August Catalog of Copyright Entries: The New York Times.
Archived from the original on 1 May Retrieved 20 November Archived from the original on 25 March Retrieved 9 August Archived from the original on 28 August Archived from the original on 13 August Archived PDF from the original on 15 February Retrieved 29 September Archived from the original on 30 July Retrieved 12 July Archived from the original on 7 November Retrieved 3 November Archived from the original on 5 October Retrieved 3 October All Hallow's Eve was a Western Anglo Christian holiday that revolved around commemorating the dead using humor to intimidate death itself.
Like all holidays, All Hallow's Eve involved traditional treats. The church encouraged an abstinence from meat, which created many vegetarian dishes.
Struggle for Safe and Sane Halloween, c. Pins and Needles in Halloween Candy". Trick, Treat or Myth? Archived from the original on 11 January Retrieved 23 January Polish Catholics taught their children to pray out loud as they walked through the woods so that the souls of the dead could hear them and be comforted.
Priests in tiny Spanish villages still ring their church bells to remind parishioners to honor the dead on All Hallows Eve.
Andrew James Harvey 31 October Or "Halloween" for short — a fixture on the liturgical calendar of the Christian West since the seventh century.
Archived from the original on 24 May The Vigil is based on the monastic office of Vigils or Matins , when the monks would arise in the middle of the night to pray.
On major feast days, they would have an extended service of readings scriptural, patristic, and from lives of the saints in addition to chanting the psalms.
This all would be done in the dark, of course, and was an opportunity to listen carefully to the Word of God as well as the words of the Church Fathers and great saints.
The Vigil of All Saints is an adaptation of this ancient practice, using the canonical office of Compline at the end. Cor et Lumen Christi Community.
Archived from the original on 23 October Retrieved 2 November In its first year — AD — over people participated from several countries.
This included special All Saints Vigil masses, extended periods of Adoration of the Blessed Sacrament and parties for children.
In our second year 10, participated. Since these modest beginnings, the Night of Light has been adopted in many countries around the world with vast numbers involved each year from a Cathedral in India to a convent in New Zealand; from Churches in the US and Europe to Africa; in Schools, churches, homes and church halls all ages have got involved.
Although it began in the Catholic Church it has been taken up be other Christians who while keeping its essentials have adapted it to suit their own traditions.
Archived from the original on 3 April Retrieved 6 November It was invented in , in leafy Chertsey, Surrey, when perhaps 1, people took part.
Now it is a worldwide movement, popular in Africa and the United States. The heart of the Night of Light is an all-night vigil of prayer, but there is room for children's fun too: The minimum gesture is to put a lighted candle in the window, which is in itself too exciting for some proponents of health and safety.
The inventor of the Night of Light is Damian Stayne, the founder of a year-round religious community called Cor et Lumen Christi — heart and light of Christ.
This new movement is Catholic, orthodox and charismatic — emphasising the work of the Holy Spirit. An Episcopal Dictionary of the Church.
The BOS notes that "suitable festivities and entertainments" may precede of follow the service, and there may be a visit to a cemetery or burial place.
My folks are Polish and they celebrate Halloween in a different way. It is time to remember your dead and visit the cemetery and graves of your loved ones.
The Church of England. Archived from the original on 18 May Christianity needs to make clear its positive message for young people.
It's high time we reclaimed the Christian aspects of Halloween," says the Bishop, explaining the background to his letter.
Retrieved 22 October Frank Gavin Liturgical Foundation. Archived from the original on 19 December What, Why, and Resources for Worship". Archived from the original on 23 February